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What is Ulcerative Colitis?
Ulcerative colitis can be a painful condition with unpleasant symptoms like chronic diarrhea and abdominal pain. Ulcerative colitis is a type of bowel inflammation that occurs along with ulcers in the large intestine. Ulcers are little sores that form in the innermost lining when cells in the stomach lining die. These ulcers typically begin in the rectum and work their way up the digestive tract. Ulcers can lead to bleeding and a discharge of mucus and pus. This chronic inflammation can lead to the contents of the bowel to move rapidly and empty frequently. 
Ulcerative colitis can affect anyone, but the severity of symptoms can differ from person to person. UC symptoms can also change over time, so it is important to stay in contact with your healthcare provider to keep an eye on your condition. Common symptoms can include:
- Increased abdominal sounds
- Abdominal pain
- Bloody stools
- Weight loss
The presence of blood and the frequency of diarrhea can lead to several complications. Dehydration and malnutrition are two common problems for those with UC. Still, it is important to get these symptoms under control with medications like Imuran (azathioprine), Asacol (mesalamine), and Neoral (cyclosporine). Long-term control medications are beneficial, but other conditions may begin to occur if you live with ulcerative colitis.